In 1788 John Playfair came to see Hutton’s Unconformity in Inchbonny.
The unconformity consists of many vertical tilted layers of grey shale overlaid by many layers of horizontal red sandstone.
Igneous intrusions are sometimes referred to as a seperate principle, the Hutton’s theory of uniformatarianism and the principles of stratigraphy would be fully developed and made popular by another Scottish geologist Charles Lyell (1797-1875) with his classic three volume work, first published from 1830 to 1833, entitled The science of stratigraphy changed humans’ view of the world from one, which was static to one that was dynamic and changing.
Not only did the rock layers indicate changing environments they also revealed that different life forms have existed in different times.
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 55,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.
Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.
Absolute dating is the process of determining an age on a specified chronology in archaeology and geology.Nicolas Steno, William Smith, Georges Cuvier, Alexandre Brongniart, and James Hutton developed the basic rules for the science of stratigraphy.Relative dating uses the principles or laws of stratigraphy to order sequences of rock strata.Put another way, the natural laws that we know about in the present have been constant over the geologic past.Theconcept of geologic time or deep time was a logical consequence of this theory.Cosmic radiation entering the earth’s atmosphere produces carbon-14, and plants take in carbon-14 as they fix carbon dioxide.