However, the most striking relics of Sassanian art are rock sculptures carved out of steep limstone cliffs (eg.
at Taq-i-Bustan, Shahpur, Naqsh-e Rostam and Naqsh-e Rajab) which depict the victories of the Sassanid leaders.
In addition, crafts like carpet-making and silk-weaving were also strongly encouraged.
Persian carpets and silks were exported as far as Byzantium (present-day Istanbul) to the west and Turkestan to the east.
The sculpture portrays shows him vanquishing his enemies watched by the Gods.In ancient times, during the first Millenium BCE, Persian emperors like Cyrus II the Great, Xerxes and Darius I extended Persian rule into Central Asia and throughout Asia Minor as far as Greece and Egypt.For much of Antiquity, Persian culture intermingled continuously with that of its neighbours, especially Mesopotamia (see: Mesopotamian art), and influenced - and was influenced by Sumerian art and Greek art, as well as Chinese art via the "Silk Road".The copying of religious works also stimulated the development of ornamental writing like calligraphy.This grew up during the eighth and ninth centuries, roughly concurrent with the era of Irish illuminated manuscripts and became an Iranian speciality.The ancient Greeks extended the use of the name to apply to the whole country.